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A harmonic is a clean guitar sound with le
ss overtones.   See overtones
You can play high notes that are outside your hand position.    

To make a harmonic: 
Touch the string at the 12th fret.  Don't push it down. 
Pick the string and lift your finger.  It should sound clear like a bell.

The 12th fret is easiest, but other harmonics are available.

Harmonics have regular patterns.
Each guitar tuning has it's own pattern of harmonics.   The following shows a standard tuning.

Each string has a pattern that's predictable.


A harmonic is relative to the root note of the string.
Every string provides harmonics.  The same principles applly.

guitar harmonics pattern


Red =  Major 3rd    

2 octaves up, compared to the root.   Frets 4, 9 and 16 make the same harmonic.
Medium difficulty.  See the overtone series.  It's the first Major 3rd that appears, 2 octaves up.
                  
The Major 3rd of the root note (4th fret) plays a Major 3rd harmonic 2 octaves up.
The Major 6th of the root note (9th fret) plays a Major 3rd harmonic 2 octaves up. 
The Major 3rd that is 1 octave higher than the root note (16th fret) plays the Major 3rd as a harmonic 1 octave up.
            
Blue =  Root note    
                                      
2 octaves up, compared to the root.   Frets 5 and 24 make the same harmonic.
Medium difficulty
                   
The Perfect 4th of the root note (5th fret) plays the root note, as a harmonic 2 octaves up. 

Green =  5th    

1 octave up, compared to the root.   Frets 7 and 19 make the same harmonic.
Medium difficulty
            
The Perfect 5th of the root note (7th fret) plays the Perfect 5th harmonic 1 octave up.
The Perfect 5th (1 octave up) of the root note (19th fret) plays itself as a harmonic (it's the same note).


Purple =  (same note)    

Easy
It plays the same note as the 12 fret.


Blue (24th fret)
 
(same note)


Easy
It plays the same note as the 24th fret.

See theory

You'll have more notes in each hand position.
Try making a tuning that uses harmonics to your advantage.



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