MELODIC PLACEMENTThe placement of the melody within each measure is important.PHRASE ENDINGS & CADENCESPHRASE BEGGININGSWEAK PART OF THE BEAT
PHRASE ENDINGS & CADENCESThe most natural stopping point for a phrase is at a strong cadence. CADENCES are areas in the song where rhythmic activity most comfortably stopsSTRONGEST CADENCE is found on the first beat of the last half of the phrase.
On that beat, the first half of the phrase just heard could be repeated.
2ND STRONGEST CADENCE is found on the first beat of the last fourth of a phrase.
You must decide how strong of a "stop" is needed in each of the phrases and sections of your song.Don't use the same stopping point in every phrase or section. It will make the music sound "stiff".You can also stop at a non-cadence point. This will focus the listeners attention, because it isn't expected.
PHRASE BEGGININGSMost phrases begin on the first beat, or very soon after it.
PICKUP NOTES are (1 or 2) shorter notes that lead into the first beat.
They highlight the first melody note.
WEAK PART OF THE BEATThe first half of a phrase is stronger than the second half.
A Phrase doesn't always begin at the start of a measure, or end at the end of a measure.Starting on the weak part of the measure or phrase creates interest
by focusing attention on an area not ussually emphasized.Example:
Your using two measure phrases.
to start your next phrase on the weak part of the phrase (the second
and for added emphasis you're going to start it on the weak
part of the measure. (the second half).Try starting a phrase a few beats before the chorus.
This highlights the title line (in red) on the first beat of the chorus.
Be aware of the starting point of each phrase in each section.This allows you to create a contrast between phrases, either within the section, or with a different section.