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MELODIC PLACEMENT

The placement of the melody within each measure is important.

PHRASE ENDINGS & CADENCES
PHRASE BEGGININGS
WEAK PART OF THE BEAT

PHRASE ENDINGS  &  CADENCES

The most natural stopping point for a phrase is at a strong cadence.  

CADENCES are areas in the song where rhythmic activity most comfortably stops

STRONGEST CADENCE  is found on the first beat of the last half of the phrase.
On that beat, the first half of the phrase just heard could be repeated.

strong cadence

cadence strong

2ND STRONGEST CADENCE  is found on the first beat of the last fourth of a phrase.

2nd strongest

2nd strongest



You must decide how strong of a "stop" is needed
in each of the phrases and sections of your song.


Don't use the same stopping point in every phrase or section.  It will make the music sound "stiff".

You can also stop at a non-cadence point.  This will focus the listeners attention, because it isn't expected.


PHRASE BEGGININGS

Most phrases begin on the first beat, or very soon after it.

PICKUP NOTES are (1 or 2) shorter notes that lead into the first beat.  
They highlight the first melody note.  

WEAK PART OF THE BEAT

The first half of a phrase is stronger than the second half.

weak group 1

weak group 2

weak group 4

A Phrase doesn't always begin at the start of a measure, or end at the end of a measure.

Starting on the weak part of the measure or phrase creates interest by focusing attention on an area not ussually emphasized.

Example:
Your using two measure phrases.  
You decide to start your next phrase on the weak part of the phrase (the second measure)
and for added emphasis you're going to start it on the weak part of the measure. (the second half).


weak beat

Try starting a phrase a few beats before the chorus.
This highlights the title line (in red) on the first beat of the chorus.


weak verse chorus transition


Be aware of the starting point of each phrase in each section.

This allows you to create a contrast between phrases, either within the section, or with a different section.